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Forced migration and the city: Irregularity, informality, and the politics of presence
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Analytically, it offers insight into the dynamics of refugee experiences without automatic recourse to increasingly fragmented forms of sovereign authority or exceptional spaces of border control. This is not to suggest that work on the spatialities of sovereign authority has not advanced our understanding of how the nation-state is sustained through material and affective means see Darling, a ; Mountz, Rather, it is to highlight the need to explore in similar detail, and with similar critical nuance, the urban negotiations through which many forced migrants experience borders.
Partly, because any discussion of forced migration as a coherent field conceals an array of varying statuses. As Hyndman and Giles find, the distinctions produced between groups of forced migrants are greatly significant in shaping perceptions of social worth and notions of threat.
The status-driven subjectivities of forced migration — the asylum seeker and the refugee — name, in part, administrative constructs that act as regulatory responses to mobility Papadopoulos et al.
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Thus whilst in this paper I argue for alternative perspectives when examining the relation between forced migration and the city, this is not to say that we can ignore the categories and closures of the nation-state in doing so. As Bakewell argues, there is a need to balance the closures of such policy categories with the demand to speak in a language that is of relevance to a diversity of audiences.
This does not mean uncritically reproducing problematic categories, rather it reflects the careful work required to illustrate how categories of status are often transitory Nyers, , and to employ such categories as means of strategic contestation Moulin and Nyers, The paper proceeds as follows. I begin by sketching four accounts of the city within recent asylum and refugee geographies to illustrate some of the dominant trends in this field. I argue that each of these areas of work has made important contributions to understanding how governmental impulses condition contemporary forced migration in and through cities.